Teaching English in Korea: Everything You Need To know
South Korea (along with Japan) is one of the most developed and modern countries to be an ESL teacher in. They pay is good (you’ll be able to save $1,000 a month easily), you can also expect to receive a bonus, free housing and airfare reimbursement. Be aware of the Korean work ethic though. Like Japan, they work hard, operate in a strict hierarchy and expect you to do the same. This strictness is off set by the stable work and good pay. Seoul South Korea is also an amazing international city.
About Teaching English in South Korea
Teaching English in South Korea is still a lucrative idea and Korea is still a top destination in the ESL industry. If you’re looking to get started in ESL, South Korea is an excellent first country due to the job prospects, salary and quality work experience.
Where Will You Work?
Teachers mostly work in privately owned education centers known as Hagwons or they work at public schools. International schools and universities are also an option, but are only available to those with experience and a background in education.
Which is better? Public schools are much better. Better pay and less teaching hours. For these position there is more competition so a Hagwon is always a good first job for new ESL teachers.
Here are the Legal and Educational Requirements to work as a teacher in South Korea:
South Korea has numerous hurdles to jump over to become an English teacher:
- Native English Speaker
- Bachelors Degree
- Absolutely NO criminal history
- No health issues
- TEFL/TESOL certification (public school only)
These are legal and educational requirements needed to obtain an E2 visa so you can legally live and work in South Korea.
Native English Speaker
Filipinos and non-native English speakers need not apply. You must be a native English speaker from:
- United States
- United Kingdom
- New Zealand
- South Africa
If your country is not on this short list, you won’t be able to obtain an E2 visa to work as an English teacher in South Korea.
You need to have graduated from a 4-year university (or 3 year if you’re non-US). No exceptions. Some teachers have fake credentials and while this can get you a position in Thailand for example because they don’t check sources, in South Korea they expect certified proof that you completed a university degree.
I have a 2 year degree, is this acceptable?
No, you need a bachelors degree to obtain an E2 visa. This is a legal requirement and there are no way to get around this. If you have an associates degree or are currently studying for a bachelors degree check out the Teach and Learn (TALK) Program for South Korea.
NO Criminal History
South Korea requires the completion of a federal or national background check. For Americans, this means you need to contact the FBI. If you have ever had a conviction for a felony or misdemeanor you can’t work in South Korea. You need to have a clean background check. No DUI, no drug possession, no nothing. NO EXCEPTIONS.
If you have anything on your record your application will be denied, so don’t even waste your time going through the lengthy and costly application process.
No Health Issues
A health check is required in South Korea. This is normal as most countries expect a health check, it’s just that South Korea is more strict. The process is two-fold. Part one is to simply fill out this form and submit it to your school with all your other paperwork when going through the visa process for South Korea.
Part 2 happens after you obtain your E2 visa and fly into South Korea. You’ll undergo a physical and they will do blood work to check for diseases and drug use. So don’t do drugs before coming to South Korea and don’t try to hide any health issues. It’s grounds for having your visa revoked and your position terminated.
For Hagwon’s, this certification is not required. For public schools and international schools you’ll need a TEFl or TESOL certificate. For University positions a TEFL is not required, though at this level they expect you to have relevant work experience and a masters degree in a relevant subject area.
Here is what you should expect to make as a teacher in South Korea
South Korea with Seoul as the capital is a culturally interesting place to live. It’s a city and country that is on par with any city in America. The pay varies depending on where you work obviously, Hogwans or public. While the actual salary is not that high and is on par with most other countries where you can teach English, it’s augmented with some of the best benefits in the ESL industry that enable you to save money.
What does the average English teacher Make?
The average English teacher in South Korea makes about $2,000 USD a month, or 2.1 million Won. Though, again it varies based on your experience, qualifications and where you work.
Types of School to Work at
|Public School||1.5 – 3.2 million||$1,300-2,800|
Hagwon: 1.8-2.3 million Won
Hagwon’s are where most new teachers in South Korea work simply because public school and universities can be more selective. This is not to say Hagwons are bad in any way. It’s just that you’ll be paid roughly the same amount as other teachers in public schools, international schools and universities roughly, but will have to work longer hours and have fewer days off. Think of it as paying your dues if that helps. Once you’re situated in Korea with your job I would recommend you start the job search for public schools.
What is a Hagwon?
A Hagwon is a private learning center. During the day you’ll teach kindergarden. In the evening you’ll teach after school classes. Teaching hours can be up to 6 hours a day. This is quite a bit as you should normally expect to teach 3 hours a day if you work at a public school in any country (China, Thailand and so forth). Because Hagwon’s are private, they do not fall under the same regulations as public schools. This is why they’re the place to go for new teachers looking to get situated in South Korea.
International Schools: 2-3 million Won
International schools are institutions from abroad that have set up in Korea to teach a curriculum based on another countries standards, completely in English. International schools are for experienced, qualified teachers only. The advantage of working at an international school is that you have an opportunity to teach subjects like math, computer and science in English.
University: 2.2-3.5 million Won
University positions are some of the best position in South Korea. Good pay, all the benefits of the other school provide and a 4 months vacation? If you meet the requirements I would go after a University position first and foremost. Be prepared to work hard though. Again, Koreans work long hours and expect the same from you. They have no problem dismissing you if you’re not up to the standards they expect.
Public Schools: 1.5-3.2 million Won
Public school are the ideal place to work for teachers who already have a few years experience teaching English. The public school system is well funded, organized and professional. Because of this the competition to obtain a position at a public school is competitive but worth it because you’ll be paid more than a Hagwon typically, work less hours and have more time off. To get started pursuing a public school position check out:
EPIK (English Program in Korea)
The most popular program in South Korea. EPIK can take upwards of 6 months to get accepted into. The advantages are good pay at a government school and bonus pay if you work in remote locations. The downside if you do not have control over where you are placed. If you’re looking a for a position outside of Seoul, EPIK is the way to go.
GEPIK (Gyeonggi English Program in Korea)
Gyeonggi is the area around Seoul, not Seoul itself. A good option if you want to have access to the city but not live in it.
SMOE (Seoul Metropolitan Office of Education)
This program focuses on placing you in the public school system in Seoul. The goal of the program is to have a native English speaker at every public school in Seoul South Korea. As such this program is very competitive and you’ll need to have experience, a TEFL cert and some education background to get accepted.
TALK (Teach and Learn in Korea)
TALK is a program for those teachers who want to get into ESL but only have a 2 year degree OR are currently in University pursuing a 4 year degree. If that’s you, look into applying for TALK. It’s a unique opportunity. Your salary is capped at 1.5 million WON and you’ll only have to teach 15 hours a week (after school). But you’ll get all the other benefits of flights and free housing.
English Teacher Benefits
South Korea offers some enticing benefits to attracted native speakers to live and work as English teachers in South Korea. Here are some of the benefits:
South Korea pays for your ticket to come to South Korea (but not for a return flight). Some school buy your ticket, other reimburse you.
A clean, modern apartment for free (not including utilities)? Apartments are small by American standards, but it still acceptable because housing tends to be newer and well maintained. If for the odd reason your school does not provide housing, you’ll receive a stipend to get your own place.
Schools typically pay a bonus equivalent to 1 months pay at then end of your contract. This combined with rent free living allows teachers to save money easily or have money for travel.
Cost of Living in South Korea
South Korea is moderately expensive as it is a small northern country that must import everything. Seoul is more expensive for obvious reasons being that is is a city, comparable to most cities in America. It’s not like Vietnam or Thailand where things are cheaper. Items are the same price or more expensive in South Korea.
How Much Can I save?
You can save $500-1000 USD a month roughly. It really depends on your spending habits. If you’re focused on saving money, South Korea is the place to work as by the end of your contract you could have thousands of dollars in savings.
The Korean E2 Visa For Teachers
Obtaining an E2 visa so you can live and work in South Korea is a long, tedious, fee filled process. You MUST meet certain strict requirements. The strictest in all of ESL teaching. One of these visa requirements is a national background check (not local). If you have any sort of criminal history or misdemeanor you can not work in South Korea. With that out of the way, let’s get started covering the basics.
The E2 visa explained
The E2 visa is the class of visa you’ll need to be a temporary resident of South Korea so you can be legally employed. The E2 is linked to your employer so switching from one employer to another is it’s own process but can be done. It’s also illegal to work anywhere else technically (tutoring, private students etc) when you’re on your E2 visa.
The E2 visa is designated for teachers and applicants for English teacher positions must be from a country where English is recognized as the first language of the country:
- United States
- New Zealand
- South Africa
- United Kingdom
How to Obtain an E2 Visa
Obtaining the visa from start to finish takes about 2 months. You’ll be submitting numerous documents via mail to your prospective employer. On their end they will send back a visa confirmation number. Once you have this number it’s time to obtain the actual visa from your Korean embassy. Once you receive the visa, fly to South Korea. Undergo a health check and being orientation for your new job.
The documents needed to obtain the E2 visa:
- Degree from a 4 year university
- Certified Transcripts
- Background check
- E2 Applicant Health Statement (this)
- Contract from the school
- Valid Passport and photos
Degree from a 4 year university
You need a bachelors degree in any subject to legally obtain an E2 visa. This is just the first step however. South Korea does NOT want your original copy. Instead, you’ll need to obtain a COPY of your degree. This copy needs a few things to prove it’s authenticity.
1 – You’ll have to get the copy of your degree notarized. You can do this at any bank, UPS or USPS. Done? Great.
2 – Next step is to either visit your Secretary of State or mail them the copies of your degree so it can be Apostilled by Your Secretary of State.
You would think the process of obtaining a notarized copy of your degree that is also apostilled by the Secretary of your home State would be enough. But South Korea demands another layer to prove you actually completed a bachelors degree.
You’ll need to get 2 transcripts from your University. The University must seal and stamp the transcripts in an offical envelop. Do not open these envelops. The seal must be in-tact otherwise they won’t accept them. One copy you’ll take with you to the embassy, the other goes to Korea with all your other documents.
Background Check (National, not State or Province)
Most countries demand a local background check. This is a simple document that can be obtain in a day from your local police station. South Korea however demands that you obtain a national background check.
For Americans this means you’ll need to contact the FBI. The process involved requires fingerprints, fees and patience. Expect this to take upwards of 2 months alone.
E2 Applicant Health Statement
The health statement is the first step of completing your health check. It’s a form you simply fill out on your own that you will need in South Korea. When you arrive in South Korea you’ll have to undergo a health check. They’ll draw blood to check for diseases/drugs and give you a physical. The goal is to assess your overall physical health.
You MUST pass the health check. If you fail your visa will be revoked.
To complete the visa process you’ll need your contract from your school. You should recieve 3 copies. One that you can keep. One that goes to the embassy as part of your application and one copy signed that you will return to your school.
Yes, you’ll need a print out of your resume. Nothing special here. A standard, professional and accurate resume is all that is needed.
Valid Passport with photos
Your passport needs to have at least 6 months validity left on it. This is standard for immigration in any country. You’ll also need a lot of passport photos. Simply send a scanned copy of your passports picture page to your school and submit your passport to the Korea embassy so they can put the E2 visa in the passport.
Finished? Submit ALL of this to your School via mail
The next step is to mail all the above documents via UPS or DHL to your school so they can apply for your visa confirmation number. It can take anywhere from 1-2 weeks to obtain your number.
Once you have the number, go to the embassy
Complete the E2 form and make an appointment with your South Korean embassy or consulate. You’ll need to bring with you a few things:
- Passport and 2 passport photos
- Contract and transcripts
- Consuls checklist (this)
- Money to pay for the visa
- Completed E2 Application form
Simply submit your documentation and pay the applicable fees. The embassy will process your visa and inform you when it is ready for pick up.
Pick up your Visa
Once you have your visa you’re ready to go to South Korea to begin work. Notify your school when you have your visa and they will instruct you on when you should arrive in South Korea.
Congratulations! You completed the most difficult visa process in the ESL industry successfully.
- Visa Application
- Health Statement
- Consul Checklist
- Korea Immigration
- Korean Ministry of Foreign Affairs